The key to beautiful and healthy plants in your aquariums come down to three things, a good substrate, a quality and sufficient lighting, and nutrients.
Many beginner aquarists would have missed the part about nutrients and wonders why their plants are dying. Nutrients are like food for plants, if deprived of it, they will die. Just like any other living thing in this world, plants also need food to survive, and that food comes in the form of fertilisers.
There are two types of nutrients that plants must have. Macronutrients are nutrients that plants consume in large quantities such as Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. Whereas Micronutrients are nutrients that plants need in small amounts like Iron.
Plants will start to deform and/or die off when they are lacking a specific nutrient. Here we will show which nutrients are needed for different deficiencies in your aquarium plants: